Public Speaking Badgepublic speaking

(Discover Art or Discover Knowledge)

By Sylvia and Charlotte Duke

 

Level 1: complete 4 requirements including the 2 starred.

 

_____1.  * When you give a speech, you usually stand up in front of people and talk about a subject that is interesting to you.  Some people feel nervous when they do this, so to make things easier for yourself remember these helpful hints:

 

-          Make sure that you are wearing appropriate clothing for your speech (if you are speaking about Frontier Girls, you would wear your uniform);

-          Take a few deep breaths before you stand up, so that you can relax yourself;

-          Stand up straight so that you have good posture and can breathe easily;

-          Put one foot slightly in front of the other to give you balance; never lock your knees.

-          Look pleasant, and before you speak look at your audience to make eye-contact.  SMILE J

-          Remember that the audience wouldn’t be there unless they wanted to hear what you have to say.

 

_____2.  * One of the first speeches a person usually gives is called an Icebreaker.  This is when you introduce yourself to a group of people and tell them something about your life.  This is an easy speech to give because you know all the information: It’s all about YOU!  Choose a good place to begin and tell the story of your life until you get to the point where you want to end.  Give a short Icebreaker speech (1-2 minutes long) to your friends or family.

 

_____3.   Learn a short poem (2-3 verses) and recite it to your friends or family.   It will help if you can practice reciting the poem first.

 

_____5.  Learn about the life of a famous public speaker.  Find out how they became a good public speaker and what sort of speeches they gave.

 

_____6.  Make a booklet/collection of poems that pass on knowledge from one generation to another eg; 30 days have September, April, June and November; all the rest have 31 excepting February alone and that has 28 days clear and 29 in each leap-year.   This sort of poetry is part of what is known as the Oral Tradition of passing on knowledge.

 

_____7.  Give a How To speech, teaching your audience how to do something.

 

_____ 8.  Give a speech on your hobby.  Include information and facts about the hobby itself as well as reasons you enjoy it.

 

Level 2: complete 5 requirements including the 2 starred.

 

_____1. * Complete Level 1 #1 and 2, but your speech should be 3-4 minutes long.

 

_____2. * When you speak remember to speak clearly:

 

-          Talk to the people at the back of the room, then everyone will be able to hear you

-          Don’t speak too quickly or let the ends of your sentences fade away

-          Sound as though you are really interested in and believe what you are saying

-          Keep your tone pleasant and smile where appropriate

-          Look at your audience without looking at any one person

_____3.  Learn a poem of 4-5 verses long and recite it to your friends or family.

 

_____4. Learn about the life of a famous public speaker.  Find out how they became a good public speaker and what sort of speeches they gave.  If you did this at Level 1, then choose a different person.

 

_____5.  Research the history of public speaking.  Find out about the different areas where people spoke in public.

 

_____6. Make a booklet of your favorite famous speeches.

 

_____7.  Give a Current Events speech.   This could be current world political events, current local news events, or current events in the environmental, social or arts areas of life.  Choose a subject that you feel will be interesting to your friends or family.

 

_____ 8.  Give a How To speech, teaching your audience how to do something.

 

_____ 9.  Give a speech on your hobby.  Include information and facts about the hobby itself as well as reasons you enjoy it.

 

 

Level 3: complete 6 requirements including the 2 starred.

 

_____1. * Complete Level 2 requirements 1 and 2, but your speech should be 5-7 minutes long.

 

_____2. * A good speaker is guided by some basic principles of being in front of an audience.  A good place to start is the following formula:  Stand Up, Speak Up, Shut Up.

 

-          Stand Up: This is summed up Otter requirement 1

-          Speak Up: This is summed up in Dolphin requirement 2

-          Shut Up: When you come to the end of your speech make it definite: state what you have tried to say, then sit down and be prepared to answer any questions your audience may have.

 

Also some general advice:

 

-  Don’t fidget or fiddle with note papers

-  Don’t be afraid to make gestures, but don’t wave your arms about without purpose

- Don’t tell jokes unless you are good at it and they are relevant.

- Anecdotes are better to illustrate points than jokes

- Don’t let nerves worry you: most people feel a bit nervous speaking in front of others, but practice makes public speaking easier.

 

_____3.  Learn a poem of 6-8 verses long and recite it to your Troop or friends.

 

_____4.  Give a Declamation Speech.  A good speaker is usually familiar with well-known speeches made by famous people in government, arts or industry.  Learn a famous speech by a well-known person and deliver it as you would expect the original person to have done so.  Some examples are Winston Churchill’s “We will fight them on the beaches” speech; Martin Luther King Jr’s “I have a dream” speech, etc.

 

_____5.  Give an Interpretation Speech: Learn a well known speech from a Shakespeare play and perform it to your friends or family.  You may interpret this speech to make it as dramatic as you choose.  Learn something of the character of the person who is giving the speech in the play.

 

_____6.  Give a Current Events speech.   This could be current world political events, current local news events, or current events in the environmental, social or arts areas of life.  Choose a subject that you feel will be interesting to your friends or family.

 

_____7.  Learn about the life of a famous public speaker.  Find out how they became a good public speaker and what sort of speeches they gave.  If you did this at a previous level, then choose a different person.  What qualities make a good public speaker?

 

______8.  Learn about careers that have a high degree of public speaking.  If possible shadow someone who does public speaking.

 

_____ 9.  Give a How To speech, teaching your audience how to do something.

 

_____ 10.  Give a speech on your hobby.  Include information and facts about the hobby itself as well as reasons you enjoy it.

 

 

 

Level 4: complete 7 requirements including the 2 starred.

 

______1.  * Complete Level 3 requirements 1 and 2, but your speech should be 8-10 minutes long.

 

______2. * Remember that an effective speech conveys your message to the audience.  Speeches need to have some good organization: you must know what you are speaking about and make a plan to communicate your intent to your listeners.

 

To plan a speech:

-          think about all the things you wish to include in the speech and jot them down; next put the ideas into a logical order

-          think about the key element that you are aiming to get across to your audience.  This is your Specific Purpose Statement (SPS) for your speech eg; “In this speech I want to tell you more about my life”.

-          think of an introduction: this will include your SPS – so that people know what you are going to tell them.

-          develop the main body of your speech under various headings and sub-headings eg; my life in primary school; my life at secondary school; my life in Texas; etc

-          think of a conclusion.  This will sum up your speech, tie all the points you made together and will usually include a re-statement of your SPS eg; “I hope that I have been able to tell you a bit more about my life”.

 

Many speakers use notes to guide them as they speak.  There are many different types of notes that can be used eg; linear notes, mind-maps/spider diagrams, pictorial notes, flow charts etc.  Research the different types and find out which work best for you.  If you choose to write out your speech completely, then you will need to read it and practice it enough so that you are actively speaking to the audience and not just reading from the paper.

 

_____3.  Learn a poem of 10-12 verses long (or longer) and recite it to your friends or family.

 

_____4.  Research the history of Ballads.  These folk-lore poems transmitted history orally from one generation to another.  Learn a ballad and its history and recite it to your friends or family, giving them some historical background.

 

_____5.  Give an Interpretation Speech: Learn a well known speech from a Shakespeare play and perform it to your Troop.  You may interpret this speech to make it as dramatic as you choose.  Learn something of the character of the person who is giving the speech in the play.  If you did this at Butterfly level, then you must choose a different speech.   Also learn what sort of training a Shakespearean actor must undergo to be really proficient.

 

_____6. Give a Declamation Speech.  A good speaker is usually familiar with well-known speeches made by famous people in government, arts or industry.  Learn a famous speech by a well-known person and deliver it as you would expect the original person to have done so.  Some examples are Winston Churchill’s “We will fight them on the beaches” speech; Martin Luther King Jr’s “I have a dream” speech, etc.  If you did this at Butterfly level, then you must choose a different speech.

 

______7.  Learn about the life of a famous public speaker.  Find out how they became a good public speaker and what sort of speeches they gave.  If you did this at a previous level, then choose a different person.  What qualities make a good public speaker?

 

______8.  Learn about careers that have a high degree of public speaking.  If possible shadow someone who does public speaking.

 

______9.  Give a Current Events speech.   This could be current world political events, current local news events, or current events in the environmental, social or arts areas of life.  Choose a subject that you feel will be interesting to your friends or family.  If you did this at a previous level, then choose a different subject.

 

_____ 10.  Give a How To speech, teaching your audience how to do something.

 

_____ 11.  Give a speech on your hobby.  Include information and facts about the hobby itself as well as reasons you enjoy it.